I want to point out that there are currently more than 450 mental disorders - this is a massive amount! I have included an excerpt below from the Wikipedia page which sets out this controversy and provides a current list for you to peruse
Learning disabilities are neurological, they are caused by the way the person’s brain is wired. They are not associated with physical disabilities. An important descriptive word for learning disabilities is "processing."
Learning disabilities occur when the brain processes information differently to others. Depending on the disability and its severity, a person may go on to be
They also have nothing to do with intelligence. These children are as brainy - often having genius intelligence - as their peer group. They usually have problems with any of the following; reading, writing, reasoning, spelling, and organising what they trying to learn.
Albert Einstein only started to read when he was aged 9. Many famous people who became high achievers have learning disabilities, including Walt Disney, Richard Branson, Elon Musk, Whoopi Goldberg, the South African tycoon Tony Factor, Simone Biles, Michael Phelps, Britney Spears, Justin Timberlake and a whole host of others.
Learning disabilities can’t be cured, but like ADHD they have to be managed on a daily basis.
Some of the more common learning disabilities include, Dyslexia - understanding written words, Dyscalculia - a mathematical disability, Dysgraphia - the battle to form letters when writing, non-verbal learning disabilities - difficulties with intuitive, organisation of data, and visual-spatial problems.
Auditory and Visual processing disorders are included here as well.
The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) is the American Psychiatric Association's standard reference for psychiatry which includes over 450 different definitions of mental disorders. The International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (ICD) is published by the World Health Organization, and it contains a section on psychological and behavioral disorders. The diagnostic criteria and information in the DSM and ICD are revised and updated with each new version. This list contains conditions which are currently recognised as mental disorders as defined by these two documents.
There is disagreement in various fields of mental health care, including the field of psychiatry, over the definitions and criteria used to delineate various disorders. Of particular concern to some professionals is whether some of these conditions should be classified as 'mental illnesses' at all, and whether they would be better described as neurological disorders, or in other ways.
You can find the full list of 450 mental conditions here
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Some of the common ADHD acronyms
ADDer - a person who has ADHD or ADD
ADHD - Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder
ADD - Attention Deficit Disorder
SCT - Sluggish Cognitive Tempo - new name for ADD
ODD - Oppositional Defiance Disorder
CD - Conduct Disorder
OCD - Obsessive Compulsive Disorder
Bi-polar - Bi-polar Disorder, used to be Manic-Depression
SPD - Sensory Processing Disorder
PTSD - Post Traumatic Stress Disorder
ACT - Action Consequence Trigger - monitoring forms devised and supplied by Living ADDventure®