I want to point out that there are currently more than 450 mental disorders - this is a massive amount! I have included an excerpt below from the Wikipedia page which sets out this controversy and provides a current list for you to peruse
Tic Disorders have different types, of which the most well known is Tourette Syndrome, TS.
One of the most distressing symptoms is the use of obscene words and inappropriate touching of the genital area, Coprolalia and Copropraxia, respectively.
Tourette Syndrome is not treated with stimulants, and the prognosis for a contented and productive life is poor.
Tic Disorders begin in childhood or the teenage years. The primary characteristics are “abnormal” motor and or vocal tics.
The most basic behaviour-displays are called “Simple Motor Tics” that involve only a single muscle group, like eye-blinking, sniffing, neck or shoulder twitching, and jerking of the extremities.
Simple phonic - or sound - tics are simple sounds such as coughing, throat clearing, grunting, and swallowing or sucking sounds.
Complex tics are obviously more severe and can involve hitting self and others, touching self and others, and shaking.
Complex phonic tics will include words or phrases, which are sometimes socially inappropriate and rude.
Tics frequently occur with ADHD and OCD (Obsessive Compulsive Disorder), and Anxiety. Tics are not dangerous and cause no long-term harm.
If the tics are severe and are a hindrance to leading a contented and productive life, then medical advice must be sought.
Methylphenidate, the active ingredient can sometimes trigger or aggravate tics. This is seldom a reason to stop the medication.
The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) is the American Psychiatric Association's standard reference for psychiatry which includes over 450 different definitions of mental disorders. The International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (ICD) is published by the World Health Organization, and it contains a section on psychological and behavioral disorders. The diagnostic criteria and information in the DSM and ICD are revised and updated with each new version. This list contains conditions which are currently recognised as mental disorders as defined by these two documents.
There is disagreement in various fields of mental health care, including the field of psychiatry, over the definitions and criteria used to delineate various disorders. Of particular concern to some professionals is whether some of these conditions should be classified as 'mental illnesses' at all, and whether they would be better described as neurological disorders, or in other ways.
You can see the list of all 450 conditions and disorders here
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Know The Jargon - ADHD Acronyms
Some of the common ADHD acronyms
ADDer - a person who has ADHD or ADD
ADHD - Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder
ADD - Attention Deficit Disorder
SCT - Sluggish Cognitive Tempo - new name for ADD
ODD - Oppositional Defiance Disorder
CD - Conduct Disorder
OCD - Obsessive Compulsive Disorder
Bi-polar - Bi-polar Disorder, used to be Manic-Depression
SPD - Sensory Processing Disorder
PTSD - Post Traumatic Stress Disorder
ACT - Action Consequence Trigger - monitoring forms devised and supplied by Living ADDventure®