Tic Disorders have different types, of which the most well known is Tourette Syndrome, TS.
One of the most distressing symptoms is the use of obscene words and inappropriate touching of the genital area, Coprolalia and Copropraxia, respectively.
Tourette Syndrome is not treated with stimulants, and the prognosis for a contented and productive life is poor.
Tic Disorders begin in childhood or the teenage years. The primary characteristics are “abnormal” motor and or vocal tics.
The most basic behaviour-displays are called “Simple Motor Tics” that involve only a single muscle group, like eye-blinking, sniffing, neck or shoulder twitching, and jerking of the extremities.
Simple phonic - or sound - tics are simple sounds such as coughing, throat clearing, grunting, and swallowing or sucking sounds.
Complex tics are obviously more severe and can involve hitting self and others, touching self and others, and shaking.
Complex phonic tics will include words or phrases, which are sometimes socially inappropriate and rude.
Tics frequently occur with ADHD and OCD (Obsessive Compulsive Disorder), and Anxiety. Tics are not dangerous and cause no long-term harm.
If the tics are severe and are a hindrance to leading a contented and productive life, then medical advice must be sought.
Methylphenidate, the active ingredient can sometimes trigger or aggravate tics. This is seldom a reason to stop the medication.
For context and an overiview of ADHD and Co-Occuring Conditions click here
Know The Jargon - ADHD Acronyms
ADDer - a person who has ADHD or ADD
ADHD - Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder
ADD - Attention Deficit Disorder
SCT - Sluggish Cognitive Tempo - a new name for ADD
ODD - Oppositional Defiance Disorder
CD - Conduct Disorder
OCD - Obsessive Compulsive Disorder
Bi-polar - Bi-polar Disorder, used to be Manic-Depression
SPD - Sensory Processing Disorder
PTSD - Post Traumatic Stress Disorder
SAD - Seasonal Affective Disorder
ACT - Action Consequence Trigger - monitoring forms devised and supplied by Living ADDventure®